Why Does 187 Police Code Mean Death – India has introduced a bill that would impose a penalty of ten years in prison for those involved in hit-and-run cases who fail to report the incident to the police. The law, which is part of the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, aims to replace the colonial Indian Penal Code. Currently, hit-and-run cases have been registered under various sections of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the punishment for causing death as a result of rash and careless driving is two years. The proposed legislation also includes provisions that would define shoplifting as a first-time offense and extend police detention to 60 or 90 days.
Hit and run cases are classified when police cannot identify the vehicle involved in the accident or its owner.
Why Does 187 Police Code Mean Death
The proposed hit-and-run law, first introduced in India, provides for a 10-year prison sentence if a person is found to have been involved in a hit-and-run and fled the scene without reporting the incident. to the police. , according to the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023, introduced by the Center in Parliament to replace the colonial-era Indian Penal Code (IPC).
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In the proposed law, Section 104 (2) states: “Whoever causes the death of any person by any rash or negligent act is not guilty of murder and flees the scene or fails to report the incident to the police.” the officer or judge shall, immediately after the occurrence, be liable to imprisonment of any kind for a term which may extend to ten years, and may also be subject to a fine.”
Additionally, Section 104(1) of the proposed law seeks to increase penalties for causing death by rash and careless acts such as driving a car. “Whoever causes the death of any person by committing any rash or negligent act not amounting to murder, shall be liable to imprisonment of any kind for a term which may extend to seven years and may also be fined.”
Currently, hit-and-run incidents are registered under sections 279 (careless or careless driving), 304A (causing death by negligence) and 338 (endangering life or personal safety of others) of the IPC. In exceptional cases, 302 cases (murders) were opened. The penalty for death due to careless and careless driving under Section 304A is two years.
Hit and run cases are classified when police cannot identify the vehicle involved in the accident or its owner. Officials estimate that at least 80,000 people are killed or seriously injured in hit-and-run incidents each year. According to the Delhi road fatalities report released by the transport department last year, in Delhi alone, 719 people were killed in 708 road accidents in 2021.
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“The number of hit and run cases is increasing and it is to be expected that there is no escape from the law,” the official said, explaining the reason for including hit and run provisions in the proposed law. “By passing the hit and run law, or mobbing for that matter, a framework was created to address social problems.”
In addition to the hit-and-run provision, the proposed law also defines shoplifting as a first-time offense under Section 302, punishable by up to three years. “Theft is an “order” by the offender to steal, a sudden, rapid or forcible seizure, or seizure, or confiscation, or removal from or from any person of any movable property,” as it is. “Whoever commits theft is liable to imprisonment of any kind for a term which may extend to three years and is also liable to a fine.”
Nowadays, cases of shoplifting are mainly reported to the police theft department. “There was no provision for removing mobile phones or chains from women, but now this provision has been retained,” Home Minister Amit Shah said on Friday.
The controversial provision introduced by BNSS concerns the detention of accused persons. It gives police the power to detain an accused for 60 or even 90 days instead of the current 15 days.
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Section 187(3) of the BNSS, which deals with police custody, states: “A magistrate may authorize the detention of an accused after fifteen days if he is satisfied that there are sufficient grounds for doing so, but a magistrate cannot do so. authorize the detention of the accused in accordance with this subsection for a total period exceeding ninety days if the investigation involves a crime punishable by death, life imprisonment, or imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years; sixty days during which the investigation of any other crime is carried out.”
A person becomes eligible for bail after 60 or 90 days in custody. The new provisions will replace Article 167 of the Criminal Procedure Code, under which the police have the right to detain a person for 15 days.
Former law minister Kapil Sibal said the BNSS allowed draconian police powers to be used for political purposes, adding that the government’s aim was to silence opponents.
“Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (2023) (BNS) allows draconian police powers to be used for political purposes. BNS: Allow police custody from 15 to 60 or 90 days. New crimes to prosecute persons who threaten the security of the state (redefined) Agenda: Silence the enemy,” Sibal tweeted.
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It hasn’t gone away: Political and social determinants of COVID-19 mortality in US counties
Simone Rambotti Simone Rambotti Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 1, Caroline Wolski Caroline Wolski Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2 and Katherine Freeman Anderson Katherine Freeman Anderson Scilit Preprints.org Google Scholar 2, *
Received: February 6, 2023 / Revised: March 2, 2023 / Accepted: March 6, 2023 / Published: March 8, 2023
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Research in recent years has shown varying inequalities during the COVID-19 pandemic based on sociodemographic characteristics, location, and political and religious ideology. In this study, by combining multiple county-level data sources, we examine how social conditions in U.S. counties are associated with their differential COVID-19 mortality rates. We find that percentage black, percentage Hispanic, and income inequality are positively associated with higher county-level mortality rates. Additionally, the share of the population that voted for Trump in the 2020 election was a strong and significant predictor of higher mortality. We also included healthcare-related variables, but compared to the social context of the pandemic, these effects are small. These results suggest that regional social conditions are strong predictors of how counties experienced the pandemic and where the greatest number of fatalities occurred.
On February 27, 2020, US President Trump, speaking to the press, said: “It will go away. One day – it’s like a miracle – it will go away. And from our shores, we know – yours, it can get worse before it gets better. It can pass. We’ll see what happens. Nobody knows.” President Trump repeated this sentiment several times in the ensuing months, suggesting that the pandemic wasn’t that bad or that it would resolve quickly without the need for intervention. But as we already We know the pandemic will claim more than a million lives (at the time of writing) and continues to be an ongoing public health crisis. Additionally, the burden of the pandemic is not felt equally across the population. Research has long shown that socioeconomic and demographic variables such as race and income influence on a person’s health-related experiences in society [2, 3, 4]. The Covid-19 pandemic is no exception to this pattern. [5, 6, 7, 8]. This study aims to extend this work to simultaneously examine multiple social and demographic variables in the analysis of change.