Who Killed Ali Ibn Abi Talib – Ramadan in the Islamic calendar is based on Imam Ali b. Martyrdom Day. Abu Alib (656 – 661 AD), the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph of the Sunni sect and the first Imam of the God-Guided Era and successor to the Prophet in the Shia tradition. Like the previous two caliphs, Omar b. Al-Hab (r. 634 – 644) and ‘Uthman b. Affan (644-656), Imam Ali was killed by an assassin’s blade. In this case, the murderer Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam (died 661) was a member of the Kharijite sect, and his grudge against Ali was based on his own theology and that of his father, brothers and sisters. The Kharijites were killed by the Caliph’s army at the Battle of Nahrawan (658). As a result, Ibn Muljam decided to kill the caliph who stabbed Imam Ali in the back of the head with a poisoned blade while he was leading the morning prayer in the Great Mosque of Kufa. The Caliph died of his injuries two days later. Following is his last will and testament (addressed to his two eldest sons Al-Sasan and Al-Susayn)
, a collection of letters, sermons and edicts of Imam Ali, compiled by Sharif al-Rah (died 1015) in the 10th
Who Killed Ali Ibn Abi Talib
I advise you to fear God and not follow this cruel world, even if it tries to deceive you. Do not seek Him, do not grieve and desire what this world denies you, even as He seeks you. Always speak the truth and seek God’s eternal reward and blessing. Be the enemy of the oppressors and the oppressed, and be the friend and support of the oppressed. I call upon you, my other children, my relatives, and all who receive my words, to be God-fearing and holy, to treat yourselves justly and honestly, and to improve your relations with each other, because I have heard your grandfather. The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of God be upon him) often said: “Removing enmity, hatred and enmity is better than all the prayers and fasting for many years.”
Ali Ibn Abi Talib (two Volume Set)
Fear God when orphans are helpless. You should keep them full at times and not starving at other times. As long as you watch over and protect them, they should never be damaged or lost. Respect your neighbors and fear God because your Prophet commanded us to be kind to others, so we thought he might even command that they have the right to inherit from us. Respect the Holy Qur’an and fear God so that others do not surpass you in following its principles and acting according to its commands. Fear God when it comes to prayer, because prayer is the pillar of your religion.
Fear his house (God). Do not abandon it, for if it is abandoned, you (Muslims) will suffer punishment. Fear God when it comes to opposing God’s ways with your possessions, your life, and your tongue. To develop mutual love, friendship and love and help each other. Be careful not to be cruel or unkind to each other. Encourage the people to do good and shun evil, otherwise the ungodly and wicked will be your masters and God will not answer your prayers if you are content to be the leaders of these people. O children of Abdul Mulib: There is no punishment for killing me except for the person who did it. Not to take revenge on the Muslim community and not to harm anyone except the murderer with the slogan “Commander of the Faithful Killed”. If I die because he struck me, strike me once with the sword as he struck me. Do not destroy or torment that person, for I heard the Messenger of God (peace and blessings of God be upon him) say: “Do not destroy or torment any living being, not even a vicious dog. “During the month of Ramadan, Al-Arabia published a number of profiles of important historical figures in Islamic history.
When we look at the life of Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth of the Rightly Guided Caliphs of Islam, we learn how he adopted the essential qualities of leadership while ruling.
Ali is widely known among Muslims for his brave character, noble character, simplicity and as a symbol of justice and fairness.
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Muslims recognize him as the first son to convert to Islam and the paternal grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad, as they share the same grandfather as Abdul Mutallib Ibn Hakim.
Ali, who converted to Islam at a young age, was one of the few people in Mecca who did not worship idols. The Arabic expression “Karamma-llahu wajkhahu (may Allah honor his face) is often used when mentioning his name.”
After the death of his father Abu Talib, Ali grew up in the house of the Prophet Muhammad. He later married Fatimah, the Prophet’s daughter, and had four children, including Hasan and Hussain.
Ali lived a very simple life, growing up in the house of the Prophet even after marrying Fatima. They live on staple foods and sometimes go days without food.
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As caliph, Ali maintained the same degree of austerity and simplicity. Because of his light food, the caliph enjoyed two meals, one for his family and one for the poor.
The short story of Christian and Ali during the Caliphate is one of many that reflect the Imam’s righteousness.
Legend has it that Ali’s shield was lost after the Battle of Siffin. She later found him in a Christian man who recognized him by his unique decorations.
Although he was the caliph at the time, Ali is said to have brought the man before a judge to decide the matter. The referee will decide whether the shield belongs to Ali or Christian.
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The judge asked the Christian to respond to Ali’s claim that the shield belonged to him and called Ali “Amir al-Mu’min” (Commander of the Faithful). The man said the shield was his, but Ali wasn’t lying either.
Ali then replied that the judge had no right to call him “Amir al-Mu’min” when he appeared in court as a normal citizen.
Ali continued that the Christian was right because he had no evidence. The judge ruled in favor of the man who removed the shield.
It was later reported that the man said, “What I have seen today is the righteousness of Prophets and Prophets. Emir al-Mu’min went to the judge and took his authority from me! I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”
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He then explained that he followed the Muslim army into battle and took Ali’s shield.
In Nahjul Balagha’s 3rd Sermon: “At that moment no one surprised me, but the crowd flocked to me. He advanced towards me like a whistle on all sides, so that Hasan and Hussain were crushed and I was crushed on both sides. The clothes on his shoulders were torn. They gathered around me like flocks of sheep and goats.
Many people begged him to accept the caliphate and become their leader. When the people swore allegiance to Imam Ali (AS), their song was “None deserves the Caliphate but Ali”. The mood was full of happiness and joy. Everyone accepted the name of Imam Ali (AS) with great joy. However, this massive support did not last long. Why?
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Because Imam Ali (A.S.) took charge and started ruling according to the rules laid down by the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW). Many who took the oath of allegiance realized the lingering danger of unjust accumulation of wealth. Although people want a good and holy leader, they do not want an imperfect leader