What Is The Problem Of Dualistic Thinking

What Is The Problem Of Dualistic Thinking – At Religion for Her, we strive to uplift the whole person (body and soul) while engaging with the Bible. We want women to participate in the sacred texts from their own life experiences. However, many of us have been trained to read the Bible intellectually, often without noticing the subtle cues of our intuition, physical body, or memories.

Why do many of us find it difficult to recognize and accept our bodily sensations and deepest truths? Because philosophers have argued for thousands of years that soul and body are two separate entities that often destroy each other. Embodying asks us to remember that our body and soul are not separate, but connected.

What Is The Problem Of Dualistic Thinking

Plato, Augustine and Descartes are the most important actors who have influenced the problem of mind and body in Western culture. It’s often called mind-body dualism, but the “mind” they’re talking about isn’t related to the brain, because the brain is considered part of the physical body. So they are talking about something other than the body when they are talking about the mind (perhaps what we can call the soul or spirit).

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In contrast to mind-body dualism, there is holism, meaning that humans are a spiritual and physical entity; they cannot exist independently of each other. The Hebrew word for flesh “nephesh” can mean body, soul, heart or inner depending on how it is translated. Although the body is composed of one substance and the soul may be immaterial, the two work side by side to represent the human being. I can claim that in the Old Testament, human life is holistic. However, in death there is an opportunity for a dualistic approach where the soul can be separated from the body.

The Greek philosopher Plato saw that man has material and immaterial properties. In the Phaedo, Plato imagined the soul as immaterial and therefore able to live without a body. In his opinion, the soul was imprisoned in the body and the body contaminates this soul. Hence mind-body dualism; where the two are opposites. He didn’t see the two as mutually beneficial. Rather, soul and body are separate and distinct. He saw the soul as immortal, which also influenced early Christian conceptions of the soul.

Fast forward about 1,000 years after Plato, and we have the Christian philosopher St. Augustine, who also tries to separate the body from the soul. I am very concerned about Augustine’s influence on our culture, especially his portrayal of women, but we’ll save that for another blog. What is important here is that Augustine also prescribes the dualism of mind and body. He was greatly influenced by Greek thought and held Plato in high esteem.

Augustine argues that the body is sinful and must be controlled, while sinful desires also torment the spirit. While Plato saw the body as a polluting substance, Augustine saw the soul and body as potentially polluting entities. He argued that the two creatures are in conflict or struggle with each other and originated in the Garden of Eden.

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Augustine’s works emphasize ideas about the dualism of mind and body that were already prevalent in Plato’s writings. Augustine’s writings are sometimes complex, but strongly influenced by his struggles and desires, including his views on sexuality.

Finally, the 17th century French philosopher Descartes, based on his predecessors, argued that the mind is a complete substance, separate from the body. While the physical body occupies physical space, the thinking mind does not occupy physical space. Therefore, one can live without the other. Descartes argued that you can remove the mind from the physical body and be unchanged.

It is interesting that the woman questioned Descartes’ thinking. Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia took the time to listen to some of his lessons. So he wrote her a letter and just asked?

Such a simple question. Descartes wrote several books about this distinction. He concluded that he was absolutely certain that they were two separate entities. However, there is no clear explanation of how they interact.

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The section on interaction seems to be the missing link in millennia of philosophical writings. It shouldn’t surprise you if the embodied sense is a struggle for you, since soul and body have long been treated as separate entities.

How can we live our lives recognizing that our physical body and mind/soul are intertwined and connected? Next week’s blog will reflect on this topic more. The opposite view of dualism is physicalism: the view that everything is completely physical (or oversees the physical).

Physical things include trees, cars, houses, etc. Your body – hands, feet, etc. – is also a physical thing.

It’s the same thing as the brain. Instead, dualists argue that the mind is something different from the brain – something non-physical.

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Most people who believe in the soul are dualists. Typically, the soul is not considered a physical thing – you can’t touch or see it, for example. Similarly, things like spirits and angels are somewhat dualistic – they are not considered to be made of physical things.

– and therefore possible – separation of mind and body. So he uses this to show that mind and body are separate things.

Note: It may be unlikely that mind and body are actually separate from mind and body. Descartes’ argument for this conclusion is strongly based on his idea of ​​distinct and isolating ideas. Clear and distinct ideas are reliable, complete and true, not just random thoughts that may or may not be true.

A Venn diagram illustrating the different levels of opportunity. Something that is logically possible (that is, that contains no contradiction and is thinkable) cannot be physically possible (that is, it can be impossible in our real world).

How Spinoza Helps Us Do Away With Mind/body Dualism And Why We Should Endeavor To Do So — Conatus Surf Club

Possible – this does not imply a logical contradiction – but just because something is logically possible does not mean that it is physically possible!

For example: it is not logically possible for a triangle to have 4 sides, because that implies a logical contradiction.

But it is logically possible for me to jump from the earth to the moon. Maybe it is

Similarly, just because it is conceivable/logically possible for a mind to exist independent of a body does not automatically mean that something is physically possible.

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Another response to the conceivability argument attacks Descartes’ conclusion from the claim that a mind without a body is thinkable to the conclusion that a mind exists without a body in reality. The fallacy of this conclusion can be demonstrated by the following example:

If you know the history of Batman, Batman is the secret identity of Bruce Wayne. So the conclusion is obviously wrong: Batman

. But like Batman, sometimes our thoughts are wrong and reality differs from our perception. We can argue that Descartes’ claim about thinkability makes the same mistake as the Batman example:

The first assumption is certainly true. If you cut off a leg or an arm, it divides your body.

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However, the mind does not seem to be divisible – at least not in the same way. For example, you cannot think in half.

It literally looks divided. For example, a person with multiple personality disorder might say they have a disorganized mind.

Another example of this is people whose brains have literally been cut in half. Corpus callosotomy is a surgical procedure for epilepsy in which the main connection between the left and right hemispheres of the brain is severed. Perhaps surprisingly, patients continue to lead completely normal lives – although side effects may occur:

“I said, ‘Do you believe in God?’, and the right hemisphere went straight ‘yes’. I asked the same question to the left hemisphere […] immediately it went no.”

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We can also respond by saying that even if the mind were indivisible, this does not necessarily prove Descartes’ conclusion that the mind is a special substance. Rather, it is possible that mind is just one indivisible species

Obviously, you can divide the physical body: the above examples of cutting off a leg or an arm demonstrate this. But yes

If you share it, you may eventually reach a point where you can no longer share it. For example, in the end you’re just left with a bunch of atoms, and maybe those atoms can break down into subatomic particles, but eventually you’re able to achieve a form.

It is indivisible (a unit of energy, even though physics says – the details don’t matter). The point is this:

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Thoughts, feelings, emotions, etc. We can empathize when we see someone hurt, but we don’t literally feel it

Pain If we are both looking at the same sunset, we are looking at the same thing, but each of us has a different private experience in mind.

Thoughts, you should always assume I have them (except perhaps in odd philosophical contexts like these). Don’t seriously doubt that your friends, family,

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