What Is The Language Spoken In Pakistan

What Is The Language Spoken In Pakistan – There are great tourist gems in Pakistan, most of which are unexplored. In recent years, many of the world’s most famous travelers have visited Pakistan and praised both its incredible natural beauty and the hospitality of the local people. The colorful culture of our homeland is based on a vibrant mix of different communities, ethnicities and language diversity, which is truly amazing. Even more amazingly, according to the international website Ethnologue, about 73 languages ​​are spoken across the country, including several internationally recognized endangered languages. In this blog we will learn about the most common languages ​​spoken in Pakistan.

First, we will list and discuss some of the common languages ​​spoken in Pakistan, looking at the percentage of their speakers in the total population of the country.

What Is The Language Spoken In Pakistan

Urdu is the first language of about 70 million people and is spoken as a second language by more than 100 million people, mainly in Pakistan and India, worldwide, it is one of the oldest and most the Indo-European language is more popular. family. . The history of Urdu dates back to the 12th century AD. This mixed speech, which arose from the mixing of people speaking different languages ​​such as Turkish, Persian and Arabic, and which had a significant local influence, was given different names in its early days, for example Zaban- e-Hind, Hindi, Zaban-e-Delhi, Hindvi, Rekhta , Dakkhani, Gujari, Zaban-e-Urdu-e-Mualla, Zaban-e-Urdu, or simply Urdu (order in Turkish), which means that literally “the language of the camp.” Amir Khusro (1253-1325) was the first Urdu poet. Widely used and understood around the world, it is the national language of Pakistan, while English remains the official language of the state. Urdu literature began to flourish centuries ago. In the 19th century, a pan-Islamic nationalist sentiment inspired poetry written in Urdu, and writers and poets from the Punjab as well as the Delhi and Lucknow regions began to contribute.

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Punjabi, often spelled Punjabi, is considered one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages ​​in the world today. There are approximately 70 million Punjabi speakers in Pakistan, mainly in Punjab province. However, the official language status of Punjabi is retained for Urdu. Punjabi is spoken in both India and Pakistan, and comes in many dialects. The dialects of the language written in Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi scripts do not differ much and sound similar. The Punjabi dialects spoken in India are Majhi, Doabi, Pwadhi and Malwi. However, the main dialects of Pakistan are Pothohari, Hindko, Majhi and Multani. Because Majhi is used to create a standard for writing Punjabi, it is considered the most important Punjabi dialect in the country.

Based on the Arabic and Devanagari scripts, Sindhi is one of the most popular languages ​​in Pakistan. It arose as a result of the amalgamation of different regional languages ​​spoken in different parts of South Asia. It is also an ancient Indo-Aryan language spoken today by millions of people in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and India. Some of the major dialects are Vicholi, Lasi, Siroli Lari, Thareli or Thareli, Katiawari Kachhi, Macharia, Dukslinu and Muslim Sindhi.

Saraiki is another popular member of the Indo-Arian language family. It is the first language of about 17 million people, found mainly in the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. It is also a minor language in India and is spoken mainly in the state of Punjab. The Saraiki language is known by many different names, including Seraiki, Siraiki, Multan, Lahndi, and West Punjabi. Saraiki is often considered a dialect of Punjabi. In Pakistan, the Perso-Arabic script is used to write Saraik, and in India, the Gurmukhi and Devanagari alphabets are used as the written script of the language.

The Pukhto language, also known as Puhto, is an important member of the Southeast Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian languages ​​spoken mainly in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan. The Pashto language is found in three main regional variations: North, South and Central Pashto. Speakers of the Northern and Southern versions of Pashto are mainly found in Pakistan. However, Central Pashto is mainly spoken in Iran and Afghanistan. Pakistani Pashto speakers are found mainly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and upper Balochistan.

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Balochi is one of the most popular and widely spoken languages ​​in Pakistan. Often written as Balochi or Balochi, it is one of the oldest living languages ​​of the subcontinent and belongs to the group of Indo-European languages ​​spoken in the Indo-Iranian region. The language is spoken mainly in Afghanistan, Iran and Balochistan, the largest province of Pakistan. According to historical records, Baloch scholars adopted the Perso-Arabic script to write Balochi after the independence of Pakistan. The Balochi language is divided into several dialects: Eastern Balochi (spoken in Afghanistan/Iran), Western Balochi (used in the coastal areas of Balochistan), Northern Balochi (used in Central and Upper Baloch) and Southern Balochi (used in Lower Balochistan) . .

Hindi is another ancient language spoken in Pakistan and belongs to the Indo-Aryan group of languages. Hinko speakers are Hindkowans who live mainly in the northern regions of Pakistan. According to language experts, the name of the language is actually a combination of two words, where “hind” means you and “ko” means language. According to historical records, when the invaders came to this region from Afghanistan, they gave this name to the local language spoken from Peshawar to UP at that time. Hindko has been controversial as some consider it a dialect of Sindhi, while others call it one of the lesser known dialects of Punjabi.

Brahui is a very unique and rare language in the Indo-Iranian region, spoken mainly by the Brahui people in remote areas of the Baluchistan province of Pakistan, and in scattered areas throughout Iran. Brahui is also spoken by communities in Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates and is therefore considered a minority language in these countries.

Apart from the above languages, the popular languages ​​in Pakistan are Kashmiri, Bengali and Shina. Shina is very rare and is spoken mainly in the Gilgit Baltistan region of Pakistan. Some other linguistic minorities are listed as follows:

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This brings us to the end of our overview of the popular languages ​​spoken in Pakistan. We hope you enjoyed reading it. Let us know your questions and suggestions by sending an email to blog@. Your valuable feedback will help us improve.

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Yousuf is a passionate writer with an inquisitive mind and loves reading articles and watching documentaries on interesting and trendy topics. He prefers to spend time away from socializing and taking care of pets. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan, and although it shares official status with Glish, it is the preferred and dominant language used in communication between different ethnic groups.

Different ethnological groups in Pakistan use many regional languages ​​as mother tongues. Languages ​​spoken by more than a million people include Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu, Balochi, Hindi, Gujjar,

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The 2022 edition of Ethnologue lists 77 well-established languages ​​in Pakistan. Of these, 68 are indigenous and 9 non-indigenous. In terms of their vitality, 4 are classified as “institutional”, 24 as “developing”, 30 as “strong”, 15 as “disturbed”, and 4 as “dying”.

Proportion of native Urdu speakers in each district of Pakistan from Csus of Pakistan in 2017

Although only around 7% of Pakistanis speak the language as a first language, the vast majority of Pakistanis use it regularly and understand it as a second language.

Urdu is not a native language in any region of Pakistan, although it is spoken as the first language of Pakistani Muslim immigrants (called Muhajirs) who left India after independence in 1947.

What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?

Urdu was chosen as the symbol of unity for the new state of Pakistan in 1947 because it was already the lingua franca among Muslims in the north and north-west of British India.

It is written, spoken and used in all provinces/territories of Pakistan and is the main language of instruction along with English.

Urdu is taught as a compulsory subject up to secondary school in both the English and Urdu medium school systems, resulting in millions of Urdu speakers among people whose mother tongue is one of the other languages ​​of Pakistan – resulting in the new. absorption of vocabulary from various regional languages ​​of Pakistan,

Glish is the co-official language of Pakistan and is widely used in the executive, legislative and judicial systems, as well as in several countries.

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