What Does Int Mean Using Medical Abbreviations – The medical field is known for its lectures. It is often said that chart data looks like alphabet soup even to those familiar with words. It makes things even more complicated when the medical abbreviation of occupational therapy (and medical abbreviations in general!) enters the mix.
We learn the whole laundry list in OT school, but that can go out the window when you enter the field. New and experienced doctors should be able to recognize a wide variety of international medical abbreviations, but in practice, you can often use a few common ones in your notes.
What Does Int Mean Using Medical Abbreviations
While we haven’t included every single one in this list (you can find a full list of medical definitions here and here), these are some of the most important occupational therapy definitions to know, especially- hall if you work with adults. Are you new to work?
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As an OT, you gain a more detailed understanding of ADLs or activities of daily living. It includes all the self-care activities that a person completes on a daily (or regular) basis for self-care. Another common term associated with ADL is BADL, which refers to basic activities of daily living. BADLs cover everything under personal care, including dressing, bathing, dressing, toileting and eating. Other activities that fall into the category of ADLs, but not necessarily BADLs, are sexual activity and active walking.
On the other hand, IADLs refer to important activities of daily living, as they are complex and high-level tasks such as driving, administering medication, budgeting, doing laundry, grocery shopping, etc., managing health information. or meeting agreements. , a little more. OTs use these three terms frequently in conversation and in documents such as daily notes and progress reports. Some organizations use BADLs more often than ADLs, and the same term often appears in research papers and scholarly books.
Assistive devices, or AD, refer to any equipment that a patient uses to compensate for a disability in performing a job. Some of the more complex aspects of AD are called AT or assistive technology, and often have software, computer programs, and the like as core components.
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AD itself refers to mobility aids (with acronyms), including walkers, wheelchairs, rollers and canes; wearable devices such as orthotics and prosthetics; cognitive aids such as planners, personal assistants and notification devices; A little more.
As you can see, this acronym can refer to many devices, so it is important to be specific when using this term so that the reader knows exactly what type of AD you are talking about and what it is intended for.
Upper joint range of motion (ROM) is an important measurement used in OT evaluations and treatments, so you’ll see it used frequently. Here are the steps and their summaries:
AAROM is range of motion (provides some assistance but the person is able to assist the movement of the joint).
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PROM is a fixed range of motion (completely assisted movement of the joint, often seen in the hemiparetic arm after a stroke).
OTs measure this type of movement with a goniometer or functionally with visual inspection. If you’re not familiar with range of motion, don’t worry, you’ll learn how to do it in OT school and fieldwork.
The level of assistance is used to assess and document how much assistance a person needs with their ADLs and/or functional mobility. You will see a summary like this:
I: Independent, individual does not require physical assistance with ADLs or mobility and does not use an assistive device.
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SBA: Standing Assistance. A person may be able to complete the task alone, but they still need a professional or caregiver to “stand by” for safety. They may also be given instructions or verbal instructions.
CGA: Contact Caregiver Help. One can perform a transmission or self-monitoring function by providing only light (hence the term communication monitoring) for safety.
MIN A: Additional minimum. Caregivers provide 25% or less of personal assistance for work or transportation.
Method A: Moderate help. Caregivers provide 25% to 50% assistance to each person for work or transportation.
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BID is a medical term that means “twice a day.” Twice-daily/BID prescriptions for OT therapy are often seen in the orthopedic acute care setting. Although it is very common for PTs, I see it being prescribed more and more for OTs, often after urgent orthopedic surgery.
Base of Support, or BOS, may sound like a PT term but it has a lot to do with the OT world. It deals with physical processes for patients and doctors alike. Maintaining a broad base of support when raising patients is important to prevent harm, so professionals learn about this in the additional training they receive for referrals and other types of patient contact.
Regarding patient care, it is important to note that the BOS provides information about the patient’s balance, environmental awareness, personal ergonomics, and the ability to move safely from one place to another. It is not a small thing for the doctor to notice whether the patient has a wide (or correct) BOS or a generally narrow BOS that provides additional training.
It is also very common in geriatric rehabilitation centers and community facilities such as outpatient clinics. Doctors often refer to BOS when treating geriatric or neuropathic patients, as it plays an important role in change.
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C/O, short for complaint, is an abbreviation often found in medical charts. It indicates the patient’s chief medical complaint or symptom, such as new hip pain after a fall. OTs and other professionals use this abbreviation when indicating whether a patient (c/o) complains of pain during treatment or not.
Another alternative to AD is durable medical equipment (DME). Durable medical equipment includes three-in-one commodes, hospital beds, electric scooters, hoists and mobility aids such as walkers, wheelchairs, crutches, canes etc. – like that.
Nurses may refer to DME in notes when assisting with mobility or refer to it in tests when patients are already equipped. However, doctors often help with thorough examinations to help patients adapt to wheelchairs, walkers and other devices. This includes measuring the body, trying on the equipment for proper fit, and making adjustments as needed.
DOE, dyspnoea on exertion, is often used as an abbreviation when working with people who have trouble breathing when they exercise too much at rest. It can be mild or intense depending on how “breathing” the person feels during the process.
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This expression is usually found in heart patients but can be used with anyone. When a patient is suffering from DOE, it is important to check their biology, rest, and teach them how to conserve energy (see below) when they are healthy.
ECTs, short for Energy Conservation Techniques, are important work facilitation techniques that teach each client how to conserve energy in daily activities. Important aspects of ECT include teaching individuals to plan their major activities in advance, pace themselves during activities and throughout the day, rest, and/or perform other activities with adaptive equipment. or other methods.
ECTs are important to understand and practice if there are high pain levels, DOE, or fatigue with activities. It works for anyone who has trouble doing their ADLs. OTs often use it to diagnose COPD, asthma, MS, CHF and other heart conditions, chronic pain patients, ALS and people receiving chemotherapy.
This summary is often found in intensive care and mental health settings, but it can certainly be part of a patient’s chart elsewhere. EtOH indicates alcohol use, but often an alcohol use disorder. Settings such as psychiatric hospitals or units often admit patients to the facility to detox from alcohol and/or other substances.
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Doctors may refer to this in the orthopedic area where they describe the nature of the patient’s injury (“He was under the influence of EtOH when he fell and broke his arm”). This is one of the more specific options, but it is still useful for experts to know when to talk about something related to alcohol. Patients with mental health problems can be in any condition at any time. For this reason, professionals should have a good working knowledge of these abbreviations even if they feel that they do not work.
Fracture, or FX, is another common term used in the orthopedic field, but can be noted in a patient’s medical history in any condition. Patients in assisted living facilities may have a history of fractures. This is common for doctors in these clinics