What Do You Think Of Saint Denis In Red Dead Redemption 2 – ) is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is 9.4 km (5.8 mi) from the center of Paris. St. Dis. It is part of the Metropole du Grand Paris.
Saint-Dis Basilica is home to the Royal Necropolis of Saint-Dis and is the site of an affiliated monastery. This has changed the economic base of Stade de France, the former industrial area of Saint-Dis, France’s national football and rugby stadium, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The inhabitants of Saint-Dis are called Dionysis.
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Until the 3rd century, Saint-Dis was a small settlement called Catolacus or Catuliacum, probably meaning “land of Catulius”, a Gallo-Roman landowner. Around 250 AD, St. Dis, the first bishop of Paris, was martyred on Mount Montmartre and buried in Catolacus. After 250 AD, his tomb became a shrine and place of pilgrimage, the monastery of St. Dis was built, and the settlement of Saint-Dis was established.
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In 1793, during the French Revolution, Saint-dis Franciade was renamed as a sign of rejection of religion. However, in 1803, under the consulate of Napoleon Bonaparte, the city changed back to its original name of Saint-Dis.
Throughout its history, Saint-Dis has been closely associated with the French royal family. Starting with Dagobert I (c. 603–639), almost every Friuchian king was buried in the basilica.
However, Saint-Dis is older than that. In the 2nd century, there was a Gallo-Roman village called Catolacus on the site occupied by present-day Saint-Dis. Saint Dis, the first bishop of Saint-Michel in France, was martyred around 250 AD and was buried in the cemetery of Catolachus. The tomb soon became a place of worship. Around 475 AD, Saint Geviève built a small chapel at the tomb of Dis, which became a popular destination for pilgrims. The cathedral was rebuilt by Dagobert I and turned into a royal monastery. Dagobert granted several privileges to the monastery: a recognition from the bishop of Paris, the right to hold a market and, most importantly, he was buried at Saint-Dis; A tradition followed by almost all its successors. In the Middle Ages, Saint-Dis was very important because of the privileges granted by Dagobert. Merchants from all over Europe (and even the Byzantine Empire) came to visit its markets.
In 1140, Abbot Sugar, the king’s adviser, granted more privileges to the citizens of Saint-Dis. He began the work of enlarging the Basilica of St. Basil. Dis, which still exists today, is considered the first example of early Gothic architecture.
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Saint-Dis was destroyed in the Hundred Years War; Of its 10,000 citizens, only 3,000 remained after the war.
During the French Wars of Religion, the Battle of Saint-Dis was fought on 10 November 1567 between Catholics and Protestants. The Protestants were defeated, but the Catholic commander Anne de Montmorency was killed. In 1590, the city surrendered to Henry IV, who converted to Catholicism in 1593 at Saint-Dis Abbey.
King Louis XIV (1638-1715) opened several industries in Saint-Dis: weaving and spinning factories and dye houses. His successor, Louis
During the French Revolution, the “Franciade” from 1793 to 1803 did not destroy the city, but looted and destroyed the royal corpses. The body was removed from the grave and thrown together; During the Frch restoration, they were no longer organized, so they were reconstructed into a simple framework.
File:basilica Of Saint Denis North Transept Rose Window, Paris, France
The last king to be buried at Saint-Dis was Louis XVIII (1755 – 1824). After France became a republic and an empire, Saint-Dis lost its connection with the royal family.
On January 1, 1860, the city of Paris expanded by annexing neighboring communes. At that time, the commune of La Chapelle-Saint-Dis was dissolved and divided between the towns of Paris, Saint-Dis, Saint-Ouy and Abervilliers. Saint-Dis receives the northwestern part of La Chapelle-Saint-Dis.
In the 19th century, Saint-Dis industrialized. Transportation improved greatly: the Canal Saint-Dis was built in 1824, connecting the Canal de l’Orque northeast of Paris and the Seine at l’Ess-Saint-Dis, and the first railway arrived in 1843. Saint-Des. In Ctury d, Saint-Dis had 80 factories.
The forerunner of many industries also spawned important socialist movements. In 1892, Saint-Dis elected its first socialist government, and in the 1920s, the city was nicknamed La Ville Rouge, the Red City. Until Jacques Doriot in 1934, all the mayors of Saint-Dis were members of the Communist Party.
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During World War II, after the defeat of France, Saint-Dis was occupied by the Germans on June 13, 1940. Especially on April 14, 1942, many sabotage and strikes took place at the Hotchkiss factory. 18 After the uprising began. August 1944, 2nd Armored Division 2 Saint-Dis (France) Liberated on 27 August 1944.
After the war, the economic crisis of the 1970s and 1980s hit a city strong in heavy industry.
However, in the 1990s, the city began to develop again. The 1998 FIFA World Cup provided a fierce boost; The Stade de France, the main stadium for the tournament, was built in Saint-Dis, along with many infrastructure improvements, including a metro extension to Saint-Dis-University. The stadium is used by the national football and rugby teams for active matches. The finals of the Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue and Top 14 as well as the meeting of the Areva International Athletics evt.
Since 2000, Saint-Dis has collaborated with seven neighboring communes (Abervilliers, Villetanese, Pierrefitte-sur-Seine, Epinay-sur-Seine, L’le-Saint-Dis (since 2003), Staines (since 2003) and La Courneuve). (since 2005)) in the general commune.
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On November 13–14, 2015, Saint-Dis was the scene of a mass shooting and hostage-taking outside Stade in France. A major follow-up attack was launched on 18 November. Several suspects, including the mastermind Abdelhamid Abaaoud, were killed.
In 2016, Saint-Dis was one of the host cities of the UEFA European Football Championship, including its opening match.
This group consists mostly of former Frch residents, such as the Pieds-Noirs of Northwest Africa, and a small number of ex-colonial citizens who later acquired Frch citizenship by birth (related to local elites in the Frch colonies), as well as expatriates. Citizens. — Children born of exile Frch. A foreign country is understood as a country that was not part of France in 1999, so someone born in Algeria in 1950, for example, Algeria is listed as born in a foreign country in French statistics, although Algeria is an integral part of it. France. .
An immigrant is someone who was born in a foreign country but is not a French citizen by birth. An immigrant has acquired French citizenship since moving to France but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. In contrast, those born in France (children of immigrants) with foreign citizenship are not registered as immigrants.
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Melissa K. Brines, Fruit Like Us? Urban Policy and North African Immigrants in the Paris Bannées, 1945-1975 In the mid-20th century, “some [Paris area communes with North African populations] were projected as Dionysus with their immigrant communities.”
Saint-Dis is served by metro, RER, tram and transit links. Built in 1846, Saint-Dis station was formerly only in Saint-Dis and currently serves as a junction for the Transili Paris – Nord suburban railway line (Line H) and the RER railway line D. Frch. SNCF is also located in the city.
Saint-Dis has a relatively higher crime rate than many of the surrounding communes, with high rates of robbery, drug trafficking and murder.
In 2010, Saint-Dis had the highest number of violent crimes in France with 1,899 violent crimes and 1,031 assaults.
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To combat insecurity and crime, Minister of Public Security Jean-Marc Ayrault increased national police forces in the Basilica and Landi Nord districts from 2012, classifying them as ‘ZSP’ priority security zones.
Saint-Dis made international headlines due to violet abnormalities before and after the 2022 UEFA Champions League final and became an issue in the 2022 French legislative elections.
Saint-Dis has 30 state primary schools (écoles élémentaires), one of which (Ecole élémentaire Maria Casares) is an inter-ethnic school.
Saint-Dis has the following sixth form high schools/colleges: Lycée Bartholdi, Lycée Paul Éluard, Lycée Suger and Lycée d’Application de l’E.N.N.A.
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Saint-Dis has a private primary school, middle school and high school (Cemble scolaire Jean-Baptiste de la Salle-Notre Dame de la Compassion) and a private middle and high school (Collège et Lycée Saint-Vinct-de-Paul).
St. in the 2018 video game Red Dead Redemption 2. Louis is a big city. Dis, located in the fictional American state of Lemoyne.