What Are Some Last Names Of The Yaqui And Tohono Oodham Peoples Of Arizona

What Are Some Last Names Of The Yaqui And Tohono Oodham Peoples Of Arizona – The Yaqui River is a river in the state of Sonora in northwestern Mexico. It was formerly known as Rio del Norte.

As the largest river in the Sonora region, the Yaqui River is used for irrigation, especially in the Valle del Yaqui.

What Are Some Last Names Of The Yaqui And Tohono Oodham Peoples Of Arizona

The Yaqui River originates in the western Sierra Madre, at the confluence of the Bavispe River and the Aros River in Lat. 29.529887 Long. -109.228377. It is about 320 km (200 mi) in latitude and flows south and southwest into the Gulf of California near the town of Obregon.

File:a Group Of 8 Yaqui Indians At Their Dwelling, Mexico, Ca.1910 (chs 1519).jpg

Its path is interrupted by several lakes such as Plutarco Elias (El Novillo), Lázaro Cardas (Angostura) or Álvaro Obregón (El Oviáchic, Lake Ouiachic).

Rock of Hope. Founded by Major Frederick Russell Burnham in the Yaqui Valley in 1908. Burnham left; The owner, well

As early as the 6th century AD, the natives known as Yoeme or Yaqui lived in family groups near the Yaqui River. The Yaqui used simple irrigation systems to grow corn, beans, and squash, while hunting local animals and gathering wild foods in the area. The Yaquis traded native foods, furs, shells, salt, and other products with many groups of North American Indians in the center. The Yaqui remained independent until the end of the 19th century, when many of them were driven from their lands around the Yaqui River by Mexican forces and forced to flee to distant places. Many Yaquis left the Yaqui River area to fight in the Wakatteteve Mountains, while others moved to Yaqui villages in Arizona. In the late 1880s, a war with the Mexican army killed many members of the Yaqui tribe, leaving only 4,000 Yaquis in the Yaqui River area.

At the beginning of the 20th century, after a series of conflicts with the Mexican army, most of the remaining Yaqui were rounded up and scattered in the fields of the Yucatán Peninsula. The survivors continued to resist until the late 1920s, when the Mexican authorities overcame their resistance by using heavy artillery and airplanes to bomb and destroy Yaqui villages.

The Yaqui Indians, History Of The Wars

Also at the beginning of the 20th century, Major Frederick Russell Burnham, a famous American explorer, went to Mexico to look for minerals. There he met the naturalist Dr. Charles Frederick Holder and the couple soon became involved in the first irrigation project on the Yaqui River. Burnham thought that the dam could provide enough water for a whole year in the rich soil of the valley; turning this area into one of the most protected areas in the world and generating much needed electricity. He bought water rights and about 300 hectares (1.2 km).

) in the area and met an African chief, John Hays Hammond, who conducted his studies and bought another 900,000 hectares (3,600 km).

) of this country – a large part of Rhode Island. He became Hammond’s closest business partner and led a group of 500 million people to secure Hammond’s mining holdings, JP Morgan. Morgan and Guggheims.

As the irrigation and mining projects neared completion in 1912, the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution interrupted their plans. The last challenge to this was in 1917, when Mexico passed laws prohibiting the sale to foreigners. Burnham and Hammond held on to their property until 1930 when they sold it to the Mexican government.

File:a Family Of Escaped Yaqui Indians In Arizona, Ca.1910 (chs 4217).jpg

In his study of Burnham’s plan to colonize America, Professor Bradford made this conclusion: “a combination of natural problems, the complexity of the growing Mexican revolutionary system, and vague control from Washington , D.C., worked to bring the country down. . “”

Burnham, along with Holder, discovered archaeological finds of what he believed to be remnants of Mayan civilization in the area, including the Rock of Esperanza.

In his book, The Book of the Damned, Charles Fort would use this stone as proof that aliens have come to Earth. The high quality of this stone would be continued by many other authors in the next few books on anomalistics.

The Yaqui River was once home to the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) and represents one of the northernmost natural habitats of this species. The Pascua Yaqui tribe of southern Arizona sought refuge with the United States government during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). The United States later recognized the land as part of the Yaqui territories near Nogales and south of Tucson. At the beginning of the 20th century, the tribe began to return to the villages south of Tucson, in an area called Vila Pascua, and Guadalupe, near Tempe. They received approval from the United States government on September 18,

Tu Oks Yaqui Language Studies In Its Curriculum

In the past, the Yaqui lived in family groups along the Yaqui River (Yoem Vatwe) north of the Gila River, where they gathered wild foods, hunted, and cultivated corn, beans, and squash. . The Yaquis sold local food, wool, shells, salt and other goods in many groups. The Yaqui traveled a lot in pre-Columbian times and sometimes lived among other indigenous groups such as the Zuni.

The homeland of the Yaqui people consists of several cities in the Yaqui River Delta region near the Sea of ​​Cortez, Sonora, Mexico. The Jesuits began missions here among the Yaqui in the 19th century. A Catholic-Native religion began where the Yaquis incorporated Catholic traditions, saints and teachings into their Indigo worldview. After contact with non-natives after the arrival of the Spanish in 1500, the Yaquis frequently clashed with Spanish settlers and later the Republic of Mexico, the Yaquis population mostly from northern Mexico back to Arizona and south -western United States.

Pascua Yaquis and other Yaquis in Arizona are descended from refugees who fled Mexico in mid-1887 and the Yaqui refugees established the villages of Yaqui Pacua and Barrio Libre in Tucson, Marana, and Guadalupe and Scottsdale near Phoix. In the 1940s, there were about 2,500 Yaquis in Arizona. Many worked as migrant farm workers. This seasonal work coincided well with the off-season, when the Yaqui organized and held elaborate religious ceremonies that took months to complete. In Arizona, the Yaqui community has also developed traditional festivals, especially Lt festivals that commemorate the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Pascua community is called “Pascua”, Easter in Spanish. Various Yaqui villages started modest Catholic churches. At Easter the church was named after Saint Ignatius of Loyola. Easter celebrations featured the Yaqui Deer Dancer, a common symbol of the Yaquis in America. The Pascua Yaquis also retained some aspects of the Jesuit-Yaqui religious practices and offices.

After fleeing to Arizona, many of the Yaquis lived in extreme poverty, living in areas that were often near railroad tracks. In 1923, Thamar Richey, a retired teacher and philanthropist, succeeded in persuading Tucson to establish a public school for Yaqui children. A real estate agency provided land for a new neighborhood called Barrio Pascua, near the city center. This community has become a part of Yaqui life in Arizona. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, efforts were made to deport some Yaqui people back to Mexico. This effort failed miserably because the State Department realized that their safety could not be guaranteed. To protect the Yaquis, Thamar Richey in 1935 formed a committee that included the President of the University of Arizona H.L. Shantz, professor of anthropology Edward Holland Spicer and the founder of the Arizona conference, Isabella Greway. Spicer, whose work on the Pascua Yaquis would make him one of the nation’s foremost anthropologists, contacted the Bureau of Indian Affairs to assist the group. Questions about his Mexican origins have clouded the effort. Since this happened during the important period of the Indian New Deal, when the Commissioner of Indian Affairs John Collier tried to help the Indigo groups who for decades faced attacks on their land and culture, at a time when One offered a solution: the Yaquis could move to Colorado. River Reserve is located in the western part of Arizona. Ultimately, the project failed due to financial and national issues.

Pascua Yaqui Tribe Issues Coronavirus Curfew, ‘stay At Home’ Order

After World War II, the Yaqui warrior, Anselmo Valcia, returned to Easter promising to improve the lives of his people. He returned home determined to fight for the rights of his people as American citizens and Indigo Americans. He became the leader of the Association of Religious Councils. In 1955, Valcia founded the San Ignacio Club to serve the community development in Easter. Around this time, University of Arizona anthropology student Muriel Thayer Painter began studying the Pascua Yaquis, promising to help the struggling group. In addition, Pascua residents lost their lot due to kidnapping and other economic problems. The survey showed that many houses did not have water taps, indoor plumbing or electricity. Valcia, Spicer and Painter confirmed

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