How Different Are The Finnish And Estonian Languages

How Different Are The Finnish And Estonian Languages – Among the Scandinavian countries, Finland inevitably stands out as a non-Scandinavian country in many ways (despite its very close cultural, political and economic ties to other regions in modern times). Speaking a very different language to Norse, most of Finland lacks Norse mythology and history. So why is that?

As the Scandinavian region was gradually settled after the ice sheets began to gradually retreat after the last ice age, many Finns seem to have chosen a different path than their Scandinavian neighbors to the west. Although it shares many features and modern genetics with its Scandinavian brethren, the Finnish language has a completely different origin than the Scandinavian languages.

How Different Are The Finnish And Estonian Languages

Finnish ultimately comes from a completely separate language family (Oral) from the Nordic (Indo-European) languages, and today the Nordic region is a group of related countries, although Finnish is somewhat distinct from the other languages.

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I can personally testify to this as I grew up in Sweden with a Finnish mother (and many Finnish families). When I was a child, we visited Finland every summer with my family, and I remember how foreign (not necessarily in a bad way!) the language and some of the culture seemed so different from my home country.

When I went to Denmark or Norway, I didn’t feel that way, even though I didn’t have a family. On the contrary, both societies were very similar to Sweden in terms of culture, language and attitudes.

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As with most cultures (especially with your roots), I learned to understand and love Finnish culture, and in many ways I realized over the years that I am more Finnish than Swedish.

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Either way, let’s shed some light on the origins of the Finnish people and why they are a little different from their Nordic neighbors.

Finland is part of the Nordic region and is politically, culturally and economically connected to Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Iceland in modern times. However, the Finnish people belong to the Baltic Finnic ethnic group, making Estonian Finns more closely related ethnically and linguistically.

Finns are considered part of the Baltic Finnic race, so they are not considered Scandinavian, Baltic or Slavic. However, along the coast of Finland (and the Åland Islands) there is a subgroup of about 450,000 Swedish Finns whose heritage and ethnicity are considered Scandinavian, and parts of northern Finland are technically on the Scandinavian peninsula.

I sat down with my Finnish mother and uncle to decide once and for all what the biggest differences (and similarities) are between saunas in Finland and Sweden (a neighbor who makes copies). They moved to Sweden as children, but the Finnish sauna tradition has been preserved in our family to this day.

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It should be noted that Finland was part of the Kingdom of Sweden from 1157 to 1809, so it’s no surprise that many people include Finland internationally under the Nordic umbrella.

Finns may not generally have a Nordic heritage, but they are historically, culturally, politically and economically closely related to the Scandinavian countries.

Despite its strong Scandinavian ties, Finland has very close historical and linguistic ties with the Baltic states in general and Estonia in particular.

The two countries share a lot of history, and Finnish and Estonian belong to the same language group

Spread Of The Finnish Language

Scandinavian languages ​​are Germanic languages ​​from the Indo-European language family, so they are not even related to Finnic languages ​​from the oral language family.

But of course Finland has very strong political, economic and cultural ties with the Nordic region, especially with Sweden.

Sweden is Finland’s second largest trading partner (after Germany), Sweden is responsible for 10% of Finland’s total exports, and the two countries signed a unique defense cooperation agreement called NORDEFCO with Norway to improve tri-Nordic cooperation. For example, against the Russian threat.

Are you a little curious about these strange countries in northern Europe, full of strange, blond-haired, blue-eyed people with crosses on their flags? Here’s everything you need to know about Scandinavia and the Scandinavian countries. Where we are, who we are, what culture we have here, how we look and behave. Basically a guide for people who want to explore Scandinavia and the Nordic countries. Read the article now

Facts About The Finnish Language

Archaeologists have found evidence of Neanderthals living in Finnish caves 120,000 years ago, but after the last ice age, Finland was covered and then uncovered again, people from the south and the south settled. East 10,000 years ago.

The DNA of most Europeans, including Scandinavians, is a mixture of three ancestral populations. European hunter-gatherers, European farmers of Anatolian origin, Pontic pastoralists – but this is not the case in Finland (and Sami, Russian, Mordovian, Chuvash, Estonian, Hungarian).

These ethnicities show more East Asian genetic makeup, indicating that the areas they covered had greater migration from East Asia during the Stone Age. This is also evident in other Nordic populations, but not to the same extent.

This is complicated by the fact that Finns have the highest percentage of the so-called “Yamnaya genetic component”, a large proportion of ancestors of Phonetic pastoralists who migrated to Europe during the Bronze Age, which are shared by the rest of Scandinavia and Germanic Europe. equally.

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Looking at archeological findings, the Finnish culture of this period is very similar to that of its neighbor to the south, Estonia, and they belong together

During the Bronze Age, Finland is divided into Western and Eastern cultural groups. The western part is concentrated in the coastal areas and the eastern part covers the more inland areas. Through trade and exchange of ideas with their Scandinavian neighbors to the west, the Western Group eventually became known as the Group.

So it seems that the Finns traded regularly with the Scandinavians during the Bronze Age, when the first farmers appeared in Finland.

Is there a connection between the Norse, Vikings and Germans who migrated throughout Europe during the fall of the Roman Empire? I have checked many books and historical texts to paint an accurate picture of how the Germanic peoples relate to Scandinavians and modern Scandinavians.

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Entering the Iron Age, the Finns seem to have concentrated their trade with the Baltic states, but there was no cultural or technological change during this period.

During the Great Migration of 400-550 AD, there was much trade in the Baltic Sea. Thus, despite much movement and conflict in other parts of Europe, cultural groups in the Scandinavian and Baltic regions seem to have remained largely friendly.

The main cultural areas of this period are concentrated in and around the west coast of Finland

About 2,500 years ago, there was still a difference between the Finns in this area, and the western part.

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And south-western Finland merged more and more with the Swedish kingdoms to the west, and the eastern part, centered on Ossel, had an increasingly pronounced influence on the Baltic Sea.

During this period, there is evidence of peaceful trade and less peaceful conflict between the Finns and their neighboring Vikings, and it is believed that Finland was a regular stopover on the Viking route to the east. The Viking center of Birka (located near modern Stockholm) found in archeological sites in Finland and Sweden.

The Vikings were not a “people” but a group of pirates who suddenly appeared along the coasts of northern Europe, originating in present-day Scandinavia (local and official definitions did not include Finland). .

Finnish ports along the Baltic Sea are believed to be a key factor in Norway’s eastward expansion, and the Finns are believed to have participated in Viking raids and expeditions.

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Furthermore, the island of Åland was considered an important port for the Vikings at the time, and was later considered to be Finland. The Scandinavians acquired important knowledge about the Russian territory from the Finns, which they believed was important information that allowed them to move farther east.

Recent advances in DNA analysis technology have led to a better understanding of what the Vikings looked like, such as their hair, eye color, size and ancestry. Scientists are now able to realistically recreate facial expressions, bringing us closer than ever to discovering who the Vikings were and what they looked like. Read the article now

We don’t know how the Vikings saw the Finns, but there

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