Understanding the Risks of Cybersecurity in Manufacturing
Manufacturers face numerous cybersecurity risks, from insider threats to external attacks. Some of the biggest risks include:
Intellectual Property Theft: Intellectual property (IP) theft is one of the most significant cyber risks that manufacturers face. It includes the theft of designs, blueprints, trade secrets, and other confidential information. Cybercriminals can use stolen IP to create counterfeit products or sell it to rival companies, causing significant financial damage to manufacturers.
Ransomware Attacks: Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a manufacturer’s data, rendering it useless unless a ransom is paid. The cost of ransomware attacks can be significant, with some victims losing millions of dollars.
Phishing Attacks: Phishing is a type of social engineering attack where attackers trick users into giving away their login credentials or installing malware onto their devices. Phishing attacks are often aimed at high-level executives or employees with access to sensitive information.
In 2013, German steel company ThyssenKrupp fell victim to a cyberattack that resulted in the theft of over 20 terabytes of data. The data included sensitive technical information, such as production processes, designs, and criteria for testing steel quality. The theft affected intellectual property and cost the company a significant amount of money to recover, highlighting the devastating effects a single cyberattack can have on a manufacturer.
Prioritizing Cybersecurity Measures in Manufacturing
To protect themselves against cyber threats, manufacturers must take proactive measures to secure their networks and data. Here are some of the essential cybersecurity measures manufacturers should prioritize:
Employee Training: One of the most critical cybersecurity measures manufacturers can take is to provide their employees with cybersecurity training. Employee training can help prevent insider threats and phishing attacks.
Network Segmentation: Network segmentation involves dividing a company’s network into smaller, isolated segments. This strategy can help prevent cybercriminals from moving laterally across a network in the event of a breach.
Regular Software Updates: Software updates often contain security patches that help protect against known vulnerabilities. Manufacturers should establish a regular schedule for updating their software and hardware.
In 2017, Honda had to shut down production at several of its plants worldwide due to a ransomware attack. The attack affected Honda’s communication systems, making it impossible for the company to operate. This attack shows that even large manufacturers with extensive security measures in place are still vulnerable to cyber threats.
Protecting Intellectual Property in Manufacturing
Protecting intellectual property is crucial for manufacturers to maintain their competitive edge and secure their future. Manufacturers can take several steps to protect their intellectual property, including:
Securing Networks: Manufacturers should secure their networks with firewalls, secure Wi-Fi networks, and other measures such as implementing VPNs for remote access.
Data Encryption: Encrypting sensitive information can make it less vulnerable to cybercriminals and allow manufacturers to share their sensitive data with partners safely.
Implementing Access Controls: Access controls can prevent unauthorized users from accessing sensitive information, thereby protecting it from theft.
In 2018, Apple filed a lawsuit against a former employee who allegedly stole trade secrets related to the company’s self-driving car project. The lawsuit accused the employee of stealing sensitive documents and providing them to a Chinese car company, highlighting the critical need for manufacturers to implement access controls and monitor employees’ behavior.
Challenges in Implementing Cybersecurity Measures
Despite the importance of cybersecurity in manufacturing, several challenges make it difficult for manufacturers to implement effective cybersecurity measures. Some of the challenges include:
Cost: Cybersecurity measures can be costly, making it difficult for smaller manufacturers to keep up with the latest security measures.
Education and Awareness: Many manufacturers lack the knowledge and awareness necessary to implement effective security measures, making them more vulnerable to cyber attacks.
Outdated Infrastructure: Many manufacturers use outdated technology and infrastructure, making it more challenging to implement modern security measures such as network segmentation and encryption.
In 2018, cybersecurity researchers discovered vulnerabilities in a widely used piece of software called Windows Embedded, which is used by many manufacturers to control factory equipment. The vulnerability highlighted the risk of using outdated technology, as many manufacturers still use legacy equipment that can be easily compromised.
The Future of Cybersecurity in Manufacturing
As the manufacturing industry continues to evolve and embrace new technologies, the importance of cybersecurity will only increase. With the rise of Industry 4.0 and the continued growth of the IoT, manufacturers will need to prioritize cybersecurity measures to protect their data and intellectual property.
Artificial Intelligence: AI can help manufacturers detect and respond to cyber threats quickly. It can also assist in identifying patterns that indicate a cyber attack is imminent.
Blockchain: Blockchain technology can be used to create secure supply chains that make it more difficult for cybercriminals to steal intellectual property or insert counterfeit products into the supply chain.
Cloud Security: Cloud providers are investing heavily in security measures that can help protect manufacturers’ data and intellectual property. By using secure cloud environments, manufacturers can take advantage of cutting-edge security measures without the need for extensive infrastructure.
In 2019, airplane maker Boeing announced a partnership with AI company SparkCognition to develop an AI-powered cybersecurity platform for the aerospace industry. The platform uses AI to help detect and mitigate cyber threats, highlighting the increasing importance of AI in the manufacturing industry.
In conclusion, cybersecurity is a critical part of modern manufacturing. Manufacturers face numerous cyber threats, from intellectual property theft to ransomware attacks. To protect themselves, manufacturers must prioritize cybersecurity measures, including employee training, network segmentation, and regular software updates. Protecting intellectual property is also critical, and manufacturers can do so by securing networks, encrypting data, and implementing access controls. Despite the challenges, the future of cybersecurity in manufacturing looks promising, with new technologies such as AI and blockchain offering new ways to protect against cyber threats. See you again in another interesting article.